surgery聽['s蓽藧d蕭(蓹)r瑟]聽

n. 澶栫瀛︼紝澶栫鎵嬫湳

鍥剧墖鏉ユ簮锛氳瑙変腑鍥

During聽medieval times, barbers performed聽surgery聽on customers, as well as tooth extractions.聽
鍦ㄤ腑涓栫邯锛岀悊鍙戝笀涓洪【瀹㈠仛澶栫鎵嬫湳锛屽苟涓洪【瀹㈡嫈鐗欍

The original pole had a brass wash basin at the top (representing the vessel in which leeches were kept) and bottom (representing the basin that received the blood).聽
鍘熸潵鐨勬煴瀛愪笂涓嬪悇鏈変竴涓粍閾滆劯鐩嗭紙涓婇潰鐨勮〃绀烘斁姘磋洯鐨勫鍣紝涓嬮潰鐨勬槸鐩涜鐨勬按鐩嗭級銆

The pole itself represents the staff that the patient gripped during the procedure to encourage blood flow.
江西快三app最新版下载鏉嗗瓙鏈韩浠h〃鐫鎵嬫湳杩囩▼涓梾浜虹揣绱ф姄鐫鐨勫伐浣滀汉鍛橈紝浠ヤ績杩涜娑叉祦鍔ㄣ

At the Council of Tours in 1163, the clergy was banned from the practice of surgery.聽
1163骞村浘灏旇浼氱姝㈢鑱屼汉鍛樹粠浜嬪绉戞墜鏈

From then, physicians were clearly separated from the surgeons and barbers.聽
江西快三app最新版下载浠庨偅鏃惰捣锛屽尰鐢熶笌澶栫鍖荤敓鍜岀悊鍙戝笀灏辫娓呮鍦板尯鍒嗗紑鏉ャ

Later, the role of the barbers was defined by the College de Saint-C么me et Saint-Damien, established by Jean Pitard in Paris circa 1210, as academic surgeons of the long robe and barber surgeons of the short robe.
鍚庢潵锛屽ぇ绾﹀湪1210骞达紝璁┞风毊濉斿痉鍦ㄥ反榛庡垱鍔炵殑鍦e崱绫冲拰鍦h揪绫虫仼瀛﹂櫌纭畾浜嗙悊鍙戝笀鐨勮鑹诧紝瀛︽湳澶栫鍖荤敓绌块暱琚嶏紝鐞嗗彂甯堢┛鐭銆

After the formation of the United Barber Surgeon's Company in England, a statute required the barber to use a red and white pole and the surgeon to use a red pole.聽
江西快三app最新版下载鑻卞浗鑱斿悎鐞嗗彂甯堝绉戝尰鐢熷叕鍙告垚绔嬪悗锛屼竴椤规硶浠よ姹傜悊鍙戝笀浣跨敤绾㈢櫧鐩搁棿鐨勬潌瀛愶紝鑰屽绉戝尰鐢熶娇鐢ㄧ孩鑹茬殑鏉嗗瓙銆

In France, surgeons used a red pole with a basin attached to identify their offices. Blue often appears on poles in the United States, possibly as a homage to its national colors.聽
鍦ㄦ硶鍥斤紝澶栫鍖荤敓鐢ㄤ竴鏍瑰甫鐩嗙殑绾㈣壊鏉嗗瓙鏉ュ尯鍒嗕粬浠殑鍔炲叕瀹ゃ傜編鍥戒汉鍒欏父鐢ㄨ摑鑹茬殑鏉嗗瓙锛岃繖鍙兘鏄负浜嗗悜鍏舵皯鏃忚壊褰╄嚧鏁

Another, more fanciful interpretation of these barber pole colors is that red represents arterial blood, blue is symbolic of venous blood, and white depicts the bandage.
鍙︿竴绉嶆洿濂囩壒鐨勮В閲婃槸锛岀孩鑹蹭唬琛ㄥ姩鑴夎锛岃摑鑹蹭唬琛ㄩ潤鑴夎锛岀櫧鑹蹭唬琛ㄧ环甯︺

浠婃棩璇嶆眹

surgery聽['s蓽藧d蕭(蓹)r瑟]聽

n. 澶栫瀛︼紝澶栫鎵嬫湳

brain surgery聽
鑴戦儴鎵嬫湳

She had plastic surgery to change the shape of her nose.聽聽
涓烘敼鍙橀蓟瀛愮殑褰㈢姸锛屽ス鎺ュ彈浜嗘暣褰㈡墜鏈